The Radical Luhmann (Paperback) by Moeller Hans-Georg
Niklas Luhmann (1927-1998) was a German sociologist and system theorist who wrote on law economics politics art religion ecology mass media and love. Luhmann advocated a radical constructivism and antihumanism or 'grand theory' to explain society within a universal theoretical framework. Nevertheless despite being an iconoclast Luhmann is viewed as a political conservative. Hans-Georg Moeller challenges this legacy repositioning Luhmann as an explosive thinker critical of Western humanism. Moeller focuses on Luhmann's shift from philosophy to theory which introduced new perspectives on the contemporary world. For centuries the task of philosophy meant transforming contingency into necessity in the sense that philosophy enabled an understanding of the necessity of everything that appeared contingent. Luhmann pursued the opposite--the transformation of necessity into contingency. Boldly breaking with the heritage of Western thought Luhmann denied the central role of humans in social theory particularly the possibility of autonomous agency. In this way after Copernicus's cosmological Darwin's biological and Freud's psychological deconstructions of anthropocentrism he added a sociological 'fourth insult' to human vanity. A theoretical shift toward complex system-environment relations helped Luhmann 'accidentally' solve one of Western philosophy's primary problems: mind-body dualism. By pulling communication into the mix Luhmann rendered the Platonic dualist heritage obsolete. Moeller's clarity opens such formulations to general understanding and directly relates Luhmannian theory to contemporary social issues. He also captures for the first time a Luhmannian attitude toward society and life defined through the cultivation of modesty irony and equanimity.